School Superintendent Job Description: Salary, Duties, & More (2023)

Table Of Contents

  • School Superintendent Job Duties
  • School Superintendent Job Requirements
  • School Superintendent Skills
  • School Superintendent Work Environment
  • School Superintendent Trends
  • How to Become a School Superintendent
  • Advancement Prospects
  • Job Description Example
  • Similar Jobs

School superintendents are in charge of managing the day-to-day operations of their district’s schools. They oversee everything from curriculum development to teacher hiring and performance evaluations, as well as budgeting and other financial matters.

Superintendents may also be responsible for developing long-term plans for their school district—this could include initiatives related to improving student achievement or reducing dropout rates, for example.

School Superintendent Job Duties

A superintendent typically has a wide range of responsibilities, which can include:

  • Evaluating educational opportunities in the community to ensure that students are able to access high quality educational programs
  • Developing policies, procedures, and curricula for schools within their jurisdiction
  • Overseeing school board meetings, ensuring that they are productive and orderly
  • Planning, implementing, and evaluating the use of technology in schools
  • Overseeing the hiring and dismissal of staff members, including principals and teachers
  • Scheduling and conducting staff development workshops to improve job performance
  • Overseeing the maintenance of facilities in order to ensure that they are safe and conducive to learning
  • Managing budgets for the school district to ensure that funds are being used efficiently
  • Creating reports about district budgets, student achievement, and other relevant data to inform stakeholders of current issues

School Superintendent Salary & Outlook

School superintendents’ salaries vary depending on their level of education, years of experience, and the size and location of the school district. They may also earn additional compensation in the form of bonuses or benefits.

  • Median Annual Salary: $85,000 ($40.87/hour)
  • Top 10% Annual Salary: $145,000 ($69.71/hour)

The employment of school superintendents is expected to grow at an average rate over the next decade.

School districts will need to hire superintendents as current leaders retire or move into other fields. However, the overall number of school districts is projected to decline over the next decade, which should limit the demand for new superintendents.

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School Superintendent Job Requirements

The qualifications for becoming a school superintendent vary, but often include:

Education: School superintendents are typically required to have a bachelor’s degree in education or a related field, such as psychology or sociology. Many school superintendents pursue a master’s degree in education administration to gain further knowledge and skills in school administration.

Training & Experience: School superintendents typically have a minimum of 10 years of experience in education. They may start as teachers or assistant teachers before advancing to positions such as principal or assistant principal. They may also work as a teacher in a different country or state before becoming a superintendent.

School superintendents can also receive on-the-job training in the form of an apprenticeship. Apprenticeships are typically two to three years long and combine classroom instruction with on-the-job training. They are often offered by state departments of education and require candidates to have a bachelor’s degree.

Certifications & Licenses: After earning a master’s degree, school superintendents must submit a copy of their diploma along with a completed Application for Certification to their state’s Department of Education. The application requires submission of proof of U.S. citizenship or legal residency, a valid driver’s license and at least one year of teaching experience. Applicants must also pass a criminal background check.

School Superintendent Skills

School superintendents need the following skills in order to be successful:

Leadership: School superintendents are responsible for managing a large team of employees and ensuring that the school operates smoothly. Leadership skills are essential for school superintendents, as they need to be able to direct their staff and motivate them to work hard. School superintendents also need to be able to make important decisions and delegate tasks to their staff.

Communication: School superintendents communicate with many people on a daily basis, including parents, teachers, students, administrators and other school staff. Effective communication skills can help a superintendent convey information clearly and answer questions in a timely manner. School superintendents also communicate with other school officials, such as the school board, to discuss important topics such as budgeting, curriculum and other school-related issues.

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Budgeting: School superintendents are responsible for managing the school’s budget. This includes forecasting the school’s financial needs, preparing a budget proposal and monitoring the school’s spending. School superintendents need to have excellent budgeting skills to ensure the school has the resources it needs to operate.

Negotiation: School superintendents often work with a variety of stakeholders, including teachers, parents, students, administrators and other school staff. Effective negotiation skills can help school superintendents communicate with others and reach agreements that benefit everyone involved. School superintendents can also use negotiation skills to help them work with local and state governments to secure funding for school programs and initiatives.

Technology: School superintendents are responsible for implementing technology in the classroom and throughout the school. This includes ensuring that the school has the necessary technology to support its educational programs and that the technology is properly maintained. School superintendents also use technology to communicate with staff and parents, including through email and social media.

School Superintendent Work Environment

School superintendents typically work in district offices, although they may spend considerable time visiting schools and attending meetings. They usually work long hours, including evenings and weekends, and may be on call 24 hours a day. The job is often stressful, and superintendents must be able to deal with difficult situations and people. They must also be able to make quick decisions and be decisive in leading the district.

School Superintendent Trends

Here are three trends influencing how school superintendents work. School superintendents will need to stay up-to-date on these developments to keep their skills relevant and maintain a competitive advantage in the workplace.

More Attention to Student Mental Health

Mental health is becoming a more important issue in schools, as students are increasingly struggling with depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. This has led to an increased focus on student mental health by school administrators, who are looking for ways to help their students feel happier and more supported.

School superintendents can play a key role in this trend by developing programs and policies that support student mental health. This may include providing resources for students and staff members, training teachers on how to identify and support students with mental health issues, and creating a culture of openness and acceptance around mental health.

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The Use of Technology in the Classroom Will Continue to Grow

As technology continues to grow in the classroom, school superintendents will need to learn how to use it effectively.

Technology can be used in many different ways in the classroom, such as using online tools to create lesson plans or using tablets to provide students with access to information. School superintendents who are able to utilize these tools will be better equipped to meet the needs of their students.

More Collaboration Between Schools and Communities

Schools and communities are increasingly collaborating in order to improve education. This collaboration can take many forms, such as joint initiatives between schools and businesses, or partnerships between schools and community organizations.

School superintendents can capitalize on this trend by working with community members to develop new programs and initiatives that benefit both parties. By doing so, they can ensure that their schools are meeting the needs of their students while also helping to improve the community as a whole.

How to Become a School Superintendent

A superintendent’s career path can be very rewarding, but it is important to consider all the factors that will affect your success. One of the most important things you can do is to build a strong network of professionals in the education field. Attend conferences and workshops, join professional organizations, and stay up-to-date on the latest research and trends in education.

You should also make sure that you have the necessary skills and experience to lead a school district. This may include holding certifications in areas such as administration, finance, and law; completing graduate-level courses in education; and serving as an assistant superintendent or deputy superintendent.


Advancement Prospects

The most common way to advance to this position is to start as a teacher and then move into school administration, usually as a principal. Some superintendents have advanced degrees in education administration, but this is not always required. In small districts, the superintendent may be the only administrator, responsible for all aspects of the district’s operation. In larger districts, the superintendent may have several assistant superintendents, each responsible for a different area, such as curriculum or business affairs.

The superintendent is the chief executive officer of the school district and is responsible for its overall operation. He or she is responsible for carrying out the policies of the school board, for hiring and supervising the district’s staff, and for preparing the district’s budget. The superintendent also works closely with the community to ensure that the district’s schools are meeting the needs of the community’s families.

School Superintendent Job Description Example

The [School District] is seeking a highly-qualified and experienced educational leader to serve as our next superintendent of schools. The superintendent is the chief executive officer of the school district and is responsible for providing educational leadership and direction for the district in accordance with the policies and goals established by the Board of Education.

The superintendent is responsible for the overall operation of the school district, including the development and implementation of educational programs, the hiring and supervision of district personnel, the preparation and oversight of the district budget, and the maintenance of district facilities. The superintendent also serves as the primary liaison between the school district and the community.

The ideal candidate for this position will have a proven track record of successful leadership in a large, urban school district. He or she will possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills and will be able to build consensus among diverse stakeholders. The superintendent must also be committed to the highest standards of ethical conduct and be able to maintain the confidence of the Board of Education, the staff, the students, and the community.

Duties & Responsibilities

  • Oversees the development and implementation of educational programs and curriculum in line with state and federal guidelines
  • Establishes annual goals and objectives for the school district in collaboration with the Board of Education, and monitors progress towards these goals
  • Manages the budget for the school district, ensuring fiscal responsibility and efficient use of resources
  • Hires, evaluates, and supervises all district personnel, including administrators, teachers, and support staff
  • Oversees the maintenance of all district buildings and grounds, and manages construction projects as needed
  • Develops and maintains positive relationships with community members, local businesses, and other stakeholders
  • Advocates for the needs of the school district and its students at the state and federal level
  • Serves as the primary spokesperson for the district, communicating with the media as needed
  • Attends Board of Education meetings and provides updates on district progress and initiatives
  • Monitors student achievement data and implements strategies to improve outcomes
  • Supports the professional development of district personnel, ensuring they have the necessary skills and knowledge to be successful in their roles
  • Implements policies and procedures set forth by the Board of Education

Required Skills and Qualifications

  • Bachelor’s degree in education or related field
  • Master’s degree preferred
  • 10+ years of experience working in education, including 5+ years in leadership roles
  • Proven track record of successful school administration and management
  • Excellent communication, interpersonal, and organizational skills
  • In-depth knowledge of current educational trends and best practices
  • Ability to develop and implement strategic plans

Preferred Skills and Qualifications

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  • Doctorate degree in education or related field
  • 15+ years of experience working in education, including 10+ years in leadership roles
  • Experience as a school superintendent or equivalent role
  • Strong financial management skills
  • Extensive experience with curriculum development and assessment

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  • Director
  • School Administrator
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What are three major duties of a superintendent? ›

Responsible for hiring and firing teachers and administrators, superintendents must surround themselves with capable professionals while communicating expectations, investing in professional development, and providing the resources they need to perform their roles effectively.

What are the job responsibilities of a superintendent? ›

The Superintendent of Schools oversees the entire educational program in order to provide leadership in the development and maintenance of the best possible education for students. Supervises directly or indirectly all employees of the school district.

What are the top 5 qualities for superintendent? ›

5 Characteristics of a Successful School Superintendent
  • Excellent Communicator and Relationship Builder.
  • Think Critically.
  • Make Sound and Swift Decisions.
  • Leadership.
  • Ability to Solve Problems.

What describes the primary functions of a superintendent of schools? ›

A school superintendent oversees the daily operations and the long-range planning of a school district. Serving as the point person for all district matters, the role of a superintendent is to supervise school principals and district staff, work with school board members and to manage fiscal operations.

What are the qualities of a good school superintendent? ›

A visionary, innovative leader who values transparency. An inspirational leader who is accountable and bases decision based on what is best for students. Strong financial intelligence. Successful teaching and administrative experience.

What skills does a superintendent need? ›

As the educational requirements suggest, school superintendents will need to develop high-level abilities as managers. They'll also need the ability to connect with students, versatile communication skills to interact with the community, and the leadership skills necessary to oversee an entire district.

What are 5 characteristics one may need to be a superintendent for construction? ›

EMJ is hiring quality superintendents for our team!
5 qualities of a great construction superintendent
  • Knowledgeable. ...
  • Focused. ...
  • Engaged. ...
  • Tenacious. ...
  • Professional.
Oct 11, 2016

What is the role of schools division superintendent? ›

Monitors and provides leadership in the interpretation, development, implementation, evaluation and revision of all Board policies and administrative procedures, ensuring their relevance and congruency with divisional values, legislated obligations and the mandates of the division.

How do you describe a superintendent? ›

In the American education system, a superintendent or superintendent of schools is an administrator or manager in charge of a number of public schools or a school district, a local government body overseeing public schools. All school principals in a respective school district report to the superintendent.

Is being a superintendent stressful? ›

Besides needing to recall vast amounts of technical information at a minute's notice, you also have to stay one minute ahead of a rapidly changing environment. Superintendents also work very long hours, under stressful conditions.

Why do you want to be a school superintendent? ›

The superintendent is uniquely positioned to provide direction, stimulate action and protect the learning interests of children and youth. A second reason to consider the superintendency is the opportunity to mentor and guide future leaders in the profession.

What are the three main responsibilities of a superintendent before construction can begin? ›

Three issues that the superintendent must be concerned with when trying to manage construction operations are subcontractor coordination, material and equipment deliveries, and productivity.

What is a school superintendent salary? ›

The average School Superintendent salary in the United States is $172,588 as of January 26, 2023, but the range typically falls between $140,978 and $208,258.

What are the 5 functions of a school? ›

These include (a) socialization, (b) social integration, (c) social placement, and (d) social and cultural innovation. Latent functions include child care, the establishment of peer relationships, and lowering unemployment by keeping high school students out of the full-time labor force.

How old are most superintendents? ›

28.5% of all school superintendents are women, while 71.5% are men. The average age of an employed school superintendent is 47 years old.

What are the benefits of being a superintendent? ›

Job Benefits

Superintendent pay is above average. Public school superintendents are state employees and, as such, they typically receive excellent health care and retirement benefits. As Resilient Educator explains, some states offer additional perks such as discounted in-state college tuition.

What matters most in superintendent evaluation? ›

Among superintendents, financial management (95 %), meeting goals (91 %), and having effective working relationships (89 %) were rated as very or extremely important factors in their evaluation.

What questions will a superintendent ask in an interview? ›

General Questions
  • Why do you want to leave your present position?
  • What makes this job interesting to you?
  • If you were selected for this job, would you have any difficulty getting released from your current position?
  • What is your educational preparation for this superintendency?
  • What are your professional experiences?

How do I become a productive superintendent? ›

5 Ways Construction Superintendents Can Make Meetings More...
  1. Make sure there is a reason for meeting. ...
  2. Send out a meeting agenda ahead of time. ...
  3. Send follow-up information after the meeting. ...
  4. Engage your audience. ...
  5. Make use of the latest technology.
Dec 13, 2022

Who is over the superintendent of schools? ›

The boss of the superintendent is the school board of the school district. However, the school board is not in a position over the superintendent. Superintendents are the chief executives of a school system.

What is a site superintendent salary? ›

How much does a Construction Site Superintendent make in the United States? The average Construction Site Superintendent salary in the United States is $108,600 as of January 26, 2023, but the range typically falls between $76,900 and $120,500.

What are the rights and responsibilities of the superintendent general? ›

The Superintendent plays a critical collaborative role in supporting the leadership of the Board by advising, informing, and supporting the Board by recommending actions to address current and emerging issues. constituents in the planning process.

What makes a successful construction superintendent? ›

Good construction superintendents have excellent communication skills. They communicate effectively and clearly, so that everyone understands responsibilities and tasks. They also understand how to speak to both teams and individuals as the situation requires.

What do you wear to a construction superintendent interview? ›

A smart business or business casual outfit is best for a construction job interview. The clothes should fit the context to ensure you're comfortable and confident. Even for formal clothing, dress better than the rest in the same working environment.


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