I want to find the best network equipment to optimize my online experience at home. So I found all the information I could on MoCA adapters and compiled it into this guide.
To understand MoCA adapters, I’ll cover areas like:
- What a MoCA adapter is
- How they work
- How they’re different from routers
- When to use them
- Different types
- Advantages of MoCA
- Whether you need it
- How to set them up
Let’s dive in.
What Is a MoCA Adapter?
Multimedia over Coax Alliance (MoCA) serves as a standard to define how internet signals can travel over coaxial cables using MoCA adapters. MoCA adapters make it possible to use coax cables for ethernet connections.
Almost all networking devices will support MoCA adapters. Sometimes, routers, modems, and Optical Network Terminals (ONT) will have MoCA.
How Does a MoCA Adapter Work?
Here’s a scenario for you. You have a cable modem in your living room, yet for some reason, you want an Ethernet connection in your master bedroom.
Your master bedroom doesn’t have an Ethernet port, but it does have a coaxial port.
You’d need two MoCA adapters. Or a MoCA adapter and a router or modem with MoCA built-in. You’ll connect it to the living room coaxial port with the first adapter (or your router/modem).
Take your second adapter and connect it to the coaxial port in your master bedroom. Run an Ethernet cable from the second MoCA adapter and connect it to whatever device you want to connect in your room.
The MoCA adapter in the living room will transmit network packets through your home’s coaxial wiring and into the MoCA adapter in your bedroom. Then the adapter will send the signal through the Ethernet cable into your device.
They’re plug-and-play devices. Without troubleshooting, you’d likely spend five minutes setting them up.
MoCA Adapter Use Cases
Since MoCA adapters can provide an Ethernet connection to any room in your home with a coax port, you can get creative. You could use these adapters to provide an Ethernet connection to a computer or console in another room.
But what if you don’t have Ethernet ports on your devices?
You can make your Wi-Fi more reliable. You can plug Ethernet cables from MoCA adapters into mesh Wi-Fi nodes if you have the money. Or, to save money, you can do the same thing, but with Wi-Fi extenders.
Either way, having a local area network (LAN) connection with your nodes or extenders will optimize how they extend wireless signal coverage throughout your home.
MoCA Adapters vs. Other Devices
|Technology||Reliability||Supported Speeds||Distance Supported||Latency|
|MoCA||Very||2.5 Gbps (MoCA 2.5)||300 ft (92 m)||3.6 ms (MoCA 2.0)|
|Wi-Fi||Mixed||1,300 Mbps ( 5 GHz band)||2.4 GHz band|
Outdoors: 300 ft
Indoors: 150 ft (46 m)
|Powerline||Varies||200 Mbps||984 ft (300 m)||3 ms|
|Ethernet||Extremely||40 Gbps||295 ft (89 m)||<1 ms|
Obviously, Ethernet offers the highest supported speeds and the lowest latency, but its installation and supported distance put it behind MoCA and Powerline.
Powerline adapters rely on your home’s existing electrical wiring to transmit network signals throughout your home. While these adapters are more flexible than MoCA adapters, they come with several weaknesses.
For starters, device compatibility. You may have a difficult time finding different pairs of compatible Powerline devices. Then there’s the electrical wiring itself.
All adapters must connect through the same electrical circuit for Powerline adapters to work. And that electrical circuit must also have good wiring. Otherwise, you’ll suffer from slower internet speeds.
And there are the supported speed limits. Powerline adapters support only 200 Mbps. You can’t use these on fiber internet plans.
That brings us to Wi-Fi.
Do I need to bring up Wi-Fi’s weaknesses? While it’s flexible, it’s susceptible to obstacles and interference from other wireless signals.
MoCA adapters did fall behind with latency. However, an acceptable latency for competitive gaming is between 5 and 60 ms .
Types of MoCA
Here’s a quick breakdown of all the available MoCA types :
|MoCA 2.0||MoCA 2.0 Bonded||MoCA 2.5||MoCA 3.0|
|Throughput||500 Mbps||1 Gbps||2.5 Gbps||10 Gbps|
|Channel Width (MHz)||100||100||100||400|
Throughout this section, I’ll cover each type of MoCA technology more in-depth.
There’s also MoCA 1.0 and 1.1, but they’re obsolete.
Starting in this era of MoCA technology, we began to see low power modes to reduce energy consumption. It also offers a significantly higher throughput than MoCA 1.1, which provides 175 Mbps.
Then there’s MoCA 2.0 bonded, which doubles MoCA’s supported throughput to 1 Gbps. This upgrade made the technology more practical for fiber internet plans.
Both bonded and regular MoCA 2.0 adapters are backward compatible with 1.1 adapters.
These are the latest versions of MoCA that are available. They more than doubled the supported throughput and added features like:
- Network-wide Beacon Power: better control of peak signal power
- Management proxy: node management
- MoCA protected setup (MPS): makes it easier to set up new nodes
- Enhanced privacy: uses a longer passport between MoCA nodes
You can use MoCA 2.5 with both 1.1 and 2.0 adapters.
MoCA 3.0 isn’t available at the time of writing. This standard should have silicon available later in 2022 or somewhere in 2023. They have a max network throughput of 10 Gbps.
Yet, there’s no news on whether we’ll find MoCA 3.0 adapters.
Advantages of Using a MoCA Adapter
MoCA adapters fare well against other methods of spreading the internet throughout your home. Throughout this section, I’ll cover various benefits you’ll get when using MoCA adapters.
In the table I crafted earlier, I mentioned that MoCA adds 3.6 milliseconds of latency. While that’s higher than other network connection methods, you still have a more reliable connection than Wi-Fi and Powerline.
If you want to install an Ethernet cable in your home, it’ll cost $0.25–$0.70 per foot of cable . That’s just for the cables. Then you’d need to consider installing the Ethernet port, additional labor costs, and the time you’ll spend dealing with this mess.
Over 90% of North American homes have coaxial in place . That means you’re repurposing existing infrastructure.
A pair of MoCA adapters will cost you at most $100. Worst case scenario, you may need to spend an additional $20 on a coaxial tester or a multimeter to ensure your coax ports have a signal.
Better for Streaming
Unreliable wireless signals can lead to buffering when you’re streaming. These interruptions can come from wireless signals from baby monitors, water running through your pipes, and other obstacles.
Coaxial cables have thick shielding, which helps protect them from electromagnetic interference (EMI). And since they’re, well, cables, they don’t face the same challenges wireless signals do.
MoCA adapters can support throughput up to 2.5 Gbps. That’s likely more than you’ll need for a long time. To watch Netflix in 4K UHD, you’d only need 25 Mbps for a buffer-free experience .
You don’t need a bachelor’s degree in networking to set up a MoCA network.
These adapters don’t have many steps. You plug in a power adapter, then an Ethernet and coaxial cable. Wait for the lights to glow, and you have a MoCA network.
You don’t need to run Ethernet cables through your home. And you don’t have to move around a Wi-Fi router until you find a place where it’ll have the best signal.
MoCASec gives your network an additional layer of security with point-to-point link privacy . This type of protocol makes it so only two routers can communicate without any intermediaries. It can also provide data compression, transmission encryption, and authentication.
You can easily integrate MoCASec with EasyMesh Wi-Fi networks.
Do I Need a MoCA Adapter?
If you have disposable income and active coaxial ports in your home, go for it. But that’s too vague. You want to know the details.
If you have fiber optic internet and don’t have Ethernet ports throughout your home, you’ll want a MoCA adapter to spread your connection to different rooms. HOWEVER, since fiber optic uses fiber cables and not coax, you have limited options.
You’ll need a FiOS or other type of network device that’s MoCA compatible .
These adapters maximize your network’s efficiency. First off, there’s dealing with Wi-Fi dead zones in your home.
You can use MoCA adapters to connect mesh Wi-Fi nodes in different rooms to enhance their reach. If you don’t want to deal with mesh Wi-Fi, you can also use these adapters to boost your Wi-Fi extenders.
Then you have access to an Ethernet connection throughout your home. You don’t have to run cables through or along your walls with these adapters.
How Many MoCA Adapters Do I Need?
To create a MoCA network, you need at least a couple of MoCA-enabled devices. Depending on how many devices you want to give an Ethernet connection to, you’ll need more.
If you have a modem or router that supports MoCA, you’ll need a single MoCA adapter. To find out whether your device supports MoCA, look for a coaxial port with ‘MoCA’ above it.
Otherwise, you’ll need two MoCA adapters.
If you’re in an apartment or a small home with only a couple of coaxial ports, stick with two adapters. But if you’re in an office or large home, you’ll need as many MoCA adapters as your building can support.
For instance, if you have five rooms—each has a coaxial port—and you want to connect devices via Ethernet in those rooms, you’ll need five adapters. If you have a router or modem with MoCA enabled, you’ll need four adapters.
Can I Use MoCA Instead of a Modem?
MoCA only provides Ethernet over coax. Whereas a modem sends internet signals to your home by using Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications (DOCSIS). Because of this reality, you cannot replace your modem with a MoCA adapter.
Some modems have MoCA built-in, though. Both devices can also coexist over the same network.
How To Connect a MoCA Adapter
Hear me out. Before connecting a MoCA adapter, you’ll want to consider using a MoCA filter. They’re cheap devices you screw onto your coaxial splitters.
These devices prevent cross-interference from other MoCA devices and DOCSIS connections. In other words, they can help reduce latency and enhance your network’s security.
Test your coaxial port for internet signal. You can do this with a coaxial tool. If you don’t want to buy an extra tool, plug in your modem and ensure all lights are green.
Check your router or modem for a coaxial port with the words ‘MoCA’ above it. If you see this word, you have a MoCA-compatible network device and need a single MoCA adapter.
If not, you’ll need two MoCA adapters.
With either your first MoCA adapter or your MoCA-enabled network device, you’ll want to connect it to a coaxial port using a coax cable.
If you bought a MoCA filter, you’ll need to find where the main coax cable connects with your home’s coaxial wiring. Usually you’ll find this in the cable box next to your utility box.
Disconnect the coaxial cable connected to your coax splitter. Screw the MoCA filter onto your splitter and ensure it’s snug. Afterward, attach the coax cable to the other end of your MoCA filter.
If you’re using two MoCA adapters, grab an Ethernet cable and connect the first adapter to your router/modem or router.
Now plug your first MoCA adapter into an outlet.
Grab your second MoCA adapter, an Ethernet cable, and a second coax cable and go to the second coaxial port. Don’t forget to test that coax port for signal.
Repeat the first steps. Connect MoCA to your coaxial port and power outlet, then use an Ethernet cable to connect your MoCA and device.
You should see blinking or solid lights on the ‘Power’ and ‘Coax/MoCA’ indicators. If not, unplug your devices to clear their short-term memory. They may have accidentally stored an error.
MoCA adapters make it so you can extend your Ethernet connection throughout your home by using coaxial ports.
These adapters have significant advantages over other devices, like lower latency and higher throughput support. They’re also simple to set up. But you need two adapters—or one adapter and one network device.
Use an extender if you’re using a MoCA adapter to optimize your Wi-Fi coverage yet don’t want to resort to mesh. It’s difficult finding a good Wi-Fi extender, so we compiled a list of the best ones available. Check them out.
What Is a MoCA Adapter and What Does It Do? MoCA stands for Multimedia over Coaxial Alliance. It is a type of connection that uses the existing coaxial wiring in a building to deliver high-speed internet throughout the home, but without the hassle of drilling holes or running additional cable.Do I need a MoCA adapter for my router? ›
If you have a MoCA-enabled router, you will need at least one MoCA adapter with your MoCA router to form a point-to-point network connection at your coax outlet. A MoCA adapter like the Hitron MoCA 2.5 can provide network speeds up to 1 Gbps to all of your connected devices.How do I connect my MoCA to my router? ›
- Get one (or more) MoCA adapters.
- Connect your router/modem directly to the coax outlet with a coax cable.
- Connect the MoCA adapter to a different coax outlet with a coaxial cable and then to your device with an Ethernet cord.
MoCA (stands for Multimedia over Coax Alliance) is a technology that uses the existing coaxial cables already in most people's homes. In essence, MoCA creates a wired Internet home network, but without the headache of drilling holes or running wires.Does MoCA interfere with cable TV? ›
MoCA works by “bridging” ethernet devices together through the use of cable television coax wiring. MoCA 2.0 class adapters can deliver gigabit speeds for both sending and receiving data and will not interfere with existing cable television or satellite service.Is MoCA better than Ethernet? ›
MoCA is the best option next to running Ethernet. With MoCA, you can get up to 1 Gigabit (Gbps) network speeds. With Ethernet, you might be able to get faster speeds, however you will need to invest in additional equipment and accessories.Should I turn on MoCA? ›
You should turn it off unless you are actively using it to send signals through coax to another MoCA Adapter inside your house, as enabling it has the potential to leak data to other nearby houses connected to the same coaxial cable plant that also have it enabled by mistake.What happens when I press the WPS button on my router? ›
Press the WPS button on your router to turn on the discovery of new devices. Then, go to your device and select the network you want to connect to. The device is automatically connected to the wireless network without having to enter the network password.Do you need a special splitter for MoCA? ›
If your MoCA adapters don't come with coax cables, you'll need short RG-6 coax cables to connect each adapter to the wall. If your MoCA adapters don't come with coax splitters and you are connecting multiple cables, you'll need MoCA compatible coax splitters that support up to 1625 MHz.Is MoCA faster than Wi-Fi? ›
With MoCA you can get up to a 300% performance improvement over standard WiFi Mesh system, which is entirely wireless. Why? Because using a wired connection as the backbone will always give you lower latency, faster speeds, and higher reliability.
Suppose you have a cable modem downstairs and multiple computers in various rooms upstairs which need Internet access. You can share the downstairs coax outlet with the cable modem by using a MoCA-compatible coax splitter . The MoCA adapter is then connected to the modem using an Ethernet cable.What does MoCA mean on router? ›
MoCA stands for Multimedia over Coax. It is a home networking technology that makes your WiFi better with a reliable, low latency, and ultra-high-speed connection. MoCA uses the existing coaxial wiring already in your home, so it's easy!Does MoCA interfere with Wi-Fi? ›
MoCA signals will not interfere with your existing cable modem and vice-versa, your cable modem will not interfere with your MoCA network.Does MoCA slow down Internet? ›
MoCA lowers latency (no lag) and improves connection speeds. The most practical and easiest way to convert your coax wiring into an Ethernet connection is by using a pair of MoCA adapters. MoCA is a worry-free solution. No additional wires, no expensive installation or setup, always reliable.How do I set up a MoCA network? ›
Step-by-Step How to Set Up a MoCA Network
Buy a pair of MoCA adapters. Connect one adapter to a coax jack and into your router. Connect the second adapter into the device you want to use to connect to the Internet. (You will need an Ethernet cable to connect to your device.)
MoCA is a good way to connect a router or cable modem/router to a distant device by using your home's coaxial (“coax”) cable. The device can be a computer, HDTV, video streaming device, game station, streaming media player, or other device that has an Ethernet LAN port for Internet access.How far can MoCA travel? ›
MoCA technology can travel as far as the wiring in your home will allow. But it's safe to say that the total maximum distance between devices is 300 feet, including in-wall wiring. You can have up to 16 MoCA devices in your home, so with 300 feet between up to 16 devices, MoCA can travel far.Are MoCA adapters plug and play? ›
Upstairs, you can provide Internet access to each computer by connecting MoCA adapters to nearby coax outlets. The computers connect to the MoCA adapters with Ethernet cables. That's it! MoCA adapters are typically plug and play, meaning that no additional configuration is required.How much latency does MoCA add? ›
However, MoCA is more than fast enough for gaming. The additional latency is only 3–6 ms, which shouldn't be a problem.Which is faster coaxial or Ethernet? ›
As compared to ethernet cables, coax cables are better at transmission speeds and frequencies.
- Your router placement.
- Your Wi-Fi signal strength.
- Your Wi-Fi speed (which directly relates to your Wi-Fi signal)
- Using VPN (Virtual Private Network)
- Using data encryption.
There are a few ways to tell if your router has built-in MoCA capabilities: You can ask your Internet service provider (ISP) You can intentionally buy a router with MoCA on your own. You can look at your existing device and look for a symbol or the words “MoCA Certified.”Does Comcast use MoCA? ›
Xfinity offers MoCA equipment like Wi-Fi routers and extenders, which have proved to work pretty well. Customers can enjoy the benefits of a high-speed connection without spending a lot of money.How many MoCA adapters can I use? ›
In addition to a MoCA device or adapter located at the source of your Internet, you'll typically use one MoCA adapter per room in which you want Internet access. From there, you could either connect the MoCA adapter directly to a computer, Wi-Fi access point, or network switch.Should WPS be on or off? ›
You should turn off WPS to keep your WiFi network secure. When WPS is enabled, it is easier for hackers to break into your network. WPS makes it easier for you to add devices onto your network, which means it's also easier for others to get in, too.Should you disable WPS? ›
WPS works by allow us to join a wi-fi network without needing to know the network password. You simply push the WPS button on the router, join the network and you're in. Unfortunately, WPS is horribly insecure and can be used as a means for attackers to gain access to your network. This is why we disable WPS.What is my wireless network name SSID? ›
Windows. Left click the wireless signal icon (most often located on the bottom right corner of the desktop). Within the list of networks, look for the network name listed next to "Connected". This is your network's SSID.Will MoCA work with a 1000 MHz splitter? ›
Note that in the home network diagram above, the Cable Modem/Router should be able to use MoCA to connect to TV 1 and Game Station as long as splitters 1 and 2 both go up to 1,000 MHz or above. This is true even if the root splitter only goes up to 900 MHz, for instance.What frequency does MoCA 2.5 use? ›
MoCA uses 50 MHz channels in the 850 MHz to 1500 MHz frequency range.Are MoCA adapters interchangeable? ›
Yes, as both brands comply with the MoCA 2.0 standard, they see each other with no problem. I myself have used them both in the same coax cable mesh.
An alternative solution is Ethernet over Coax (EoC). Also called Multimedia over Coax or MoCA. As the name implies, MoCA technology delivers Ethernet signals over the coaxial cables in the home. If your home has been wired for Cable TV service, then you have coax in the walls.What is the MoCA standard? ›
The Multimedia over Coax Alliance (MoCA) is an international standards consortium that publishes specifications for networking over coaxial cable.Does a MoCA adapter replace a cable modem? ›
A: No, these don't replace you modem. You connect one MoCa adapter to your modem with an Ethernet cable. Then you run a coax cable from the MoCa adapter to an open coax port in the house. This sends the internet signal through the coax wires in your home.How do I use MoCA with Comcast? ›
- Connect one MoCA adapter to your Internet router via an Ethernet cable and to the coax wall outlet via a MoCA-capable coax splitter. ...
- Connect one or more additional MoCA adapters to coax outlets in rooms where you want Internet access.
It just depends on if your Xfinity or Spectrum router has MoCA built-in or not. Learn more about setting up MoCA in your home. Another tip is that if your router needs more ports to plug in adapters, you can use an Ethernet switch with MoCA adapters.Is fiber better than coax? ›
Coax provides asymmetric speed, meaning that uploading speeds are faster than downloading speeds. While these speeds are significantly slower than fiber, they're often sufficient for smaller businesses. Fiber provides symmetric speeds and is overall much faster than coax.Does it matter what coaxial cable I use for internet? ›
Does It Matter What Coaxial Cable I Use for the Internet. Yes. A poor quality coaxial cable can cause errors – and even let you have a bad connection. You won't be able to maximize the high-speed internet you've subscribed to if your coaxial cable is not up to the task.What is the difference between coax and Ethernet? ›
In modern slang, though, “Ethernet cables” refer to twisted pair cables, usually used to network devices together, while coaxial cables refer to high-frequency shielded cables, and are used to connect rooms or buildings.How does MoCA boost WiFi? ›
MoCA uses your home's coaxial wiring as a superhighway for your home WiFi traffic, creating a gigabit “Internet Autobahn.” It boosts your WiFi signal, eliminating dead zones and providing a strong, reliable signal to stream 4K video, play online games and more.How do I convert coaxial cable to Ethernet? ›
So simple – just plug them in. Coax to Ethernet Adapters automatically “see” each other to create an instant MoCA network as soon as they are plugged in. You will need two MoCA adapters if your modem or router does not have MoCA built in.
How to activate a cable wall outlet - YouTubeDoes MoCA slow down Internet? ›
MoCA lowers latency (no lag) and improves connection speeds. The most practical and easiest way to convert your coax wiring into an Ethernet connection is by using a pair of MoCA adapters. MoCA is a worry-free solution. No additional wires, no expensive installation or setup, always reliable.Are MoCA adapters good? ›
Most newer homes are prewired with coax, making MoCA an excellent choice to gain a reliable, hardwired network without drilling holes or running cables. MoCA adapters provide high-quality, reliable, low-lag, high-speed network connections.Does MoCA work for gaming? ›
Because MoCA is a wired home networking solution, it delivers low-lag Internet connection, which is perfect for online gaming.How do I use MoCA Internet? ›
- Buy a pair of MoCA adapters.
- Connect one adapter to a coax jack and into your router.
- Connect the second adapter into the device you want to use to connect to the Internet. (You will need an Ethernet cable to connect to your device.)
With MoCA you can get up to a 300% performance improvement over standard WiFi Mesh system, which is entirely wireless. Why? Because using a wired connection as the backbone will always give you lower latency, faster speeds, and higher reliability. And it is easy to install!Is fiber better than coax? ›
Coax provides asymmetric speed, meaning that uploading speeds are faster than downloading speeds. While these speeds are significantly slower than fiber, they're often sufficient for smaller businesses. Fiber provides symmetric speeds and is overall much faster than coax.Will MoCA work in my house? ›
MoCA uses the existing coaxial wiring already in your home, so it's easy! No need to drill holes or run wires. With MoCA Network Adapters or MoCA WiFi Extenders, you can turn your home network into a wired “Internet Autobahn” with speeds of up to 1 Gbps*.Do you need a special splitter for MoCA? ›
If your MoCA adapters don't come with coax cables, you'll need short RG-6 coax cables to connect each adapter to the wall. If your MoCA adapters don't come with coax splitters and you are connecting multiple cables, you'll need MoCA compatible coax splitters that support up to 1625 MHz.Does MoCA boost Wi-Fi? ›
Using MoCA network adapters or a MoCA WiFi extender, you can boost your WiFi signal by up to 300% for a reliable, ultrafast WiFi network for 4K streaming, lag-free gaming, and fast web surfing.
How many MoCA adapters can I use? With a MoCA adapter like the HT-EM4, you can have up to 16 MoCA-enabled devices on your network, which translates into a lot of capacity to spare! MoCA Adapters create a reliable wired network to push solid Wi-Fi coverage throughout your entire home or space.Is MoCA safe? ›
When you use MoCA to support your Wi-Fi and make it better, you're adding more security to your home network. Since it only communicates on your at-home coax network, it is totally safe.Can coaxial convert to Ethernet? ›
You can convert your coaxial cable TV wiring in your home to an Ethernet connection, using a small device called a Coax-to-Ethernet Adapter (also called a MoCA Adapter), that will make your Internet and WiFi connection faster and more reliable.How much latency does MoCA add? ›
However, MoCA is more than fast enough for gaming. The additional latency is only 3–6 ms, which shouldn't be a problem.Does MoCA connect to modem or router? ›
MoCA is a good way to connect a router or cable modem/router to a distant device by using your home's coaxial (“coax”) cable. The device can be a computer, HDTV, video streaming device, game station, streaming media player, or other device that has an Ethernet LAN port for Internet access.Does MoCA adapter go before or after modem? ›
Suppose you have a cable modem downstairs and multiple computers in various rooms upstairs which need Internet access. You can share the downstairs coax outlet with the cable modem by using a MoCA-compatible coax splitter . The MoCA adapter is then connected to the modem using an Ethernet cable.How do you test a MoCA adapter? ›
Connect both MoCA adapters to their power supplies to turn them on. If they are functioning, the Power, LAN, and Link lights should all be on. If all the LEDs come on properly, then move to the next test. If the LEDs do not come on, try a different Coax cable and Ethernet cable.